Dental problems are one of the most common snags that people of all age face today. With junk food consumption and negligence in maintaining oral health, often, leads to some of the common yet serious problems in the mouth. When it comes to children, taking care of dental hygiene becomes even more important.
Many children face numerous oral conditions from infancy until the child reaches the puberty. Moreover, these oral problems not only cause pain and discomfort but also impact the child’s overall health and confidence. Thus, it is important to get acquainted with some of the most common dental problems affecting children and understanding the preventive measures for the same.
Common oral problems Affecting Children
Thumb and lip Sucking
Thumb sucking is one of the habits almost of the kids have. However, thumb sucking is not a problem up and until the habit continues up to the age of 5. Continuous sucking on the thumb can cause the teeth to go out of alignment and may even affect the jaw structure. This may further lead to a problem in pronunciation and speech.
Lip sucking and tongue thrusting also cause similar problems. Preventive Measure – Encouragement and positive support from the closed ones can help get out of the habit. Also, ensuring to remove the finger or thumb from the child’s mouth can also prove to be helpful.
Misaligned teeth can be caused due to thumb sucking or tongue thrusting. Also, misaligned teeth may also be misaligned due to lack of space in denture. Misaligned teeth can cause overlapping of teeth, the unusual growth of teeth and protrusion of teeth.
Prevention Measures – It is necessary to quickly address the prolonged habit of thumb sucking or tongue thrusting. Getting an appointment with a children’s dentist and orthodontics is also suggested.
Gum diseases are generally the result of lack of oral hygiene. They occur when plaque and tartar start to delve at the base of the teeth causing damage to the gums and the bones. The gums get inflated red and become swollen. Gum disease when not addressed timely, tooth loss becomes a high possibility.
Preventive Measures – Gum diseases call for a dentist’s appointment immediately before the condition gets deteriorated. Prevention is always better in such cases. Following regular brushing and flossing can always help in keeping gum health at par.
Baby Bottle Tooth Decay
A syndrome that occurs due to excessive contact of a baby’s incoming tooth with sugary drinks, such as juices or sugar water, the condition is known as nursing caries or baby bottle syndrome. Sugary food is broken down by the bacteria producing acid in the mouth which attacks the teeth causing tooth decay.
Preventive Measures – It is to be ensured that the baby’s pacifier is kept away and not dipped in sugary food. Also, try and avoid giving excessive sugar-rich food to the baby. Wiping the baby’s teeth and gums with cloth or gauze can help the mouth in keeping clean. In addition, never put the baby to nap with the bottle in his mouth.
When it comes to children, it is necessary to become extra cautious for making his oral health perfect and healthy. Teeth are extremely important for growth, so it is crucial to give appropriate attention to the child’s dental hygiene.
Making sure that an infant up to 12 months is not given sweetened water regularly. Moreover, cleaning of the teeth with clean water is also important. Kids up to 5 years of age need to learn the importance of brushing and flossing. Moreover, a regular appointment with a children’s dentist and orthodontist for a diligent check-up is a must for keeping dental problems away.