Pests are those organisms that adversely affect the human environment and often professional help is required to get rid of them. Handling these pests depends on their effects on human activities, and often the reaction to these pests range from tolerance, through inhibition and managing them to finally eradicating them. Pest control is often performed as a part of an integrated pest management strategy.
Types Of Pest Control:
Physical Pest Control: This involves entrapping and catching rodents and insects. Pest control in domestic space can be done by using sticky flypapers to kill and trap flies. In larger buildings, insects are trapped by the use of pheromones, synthetically volatile chemical substances, or by using ultraviolet lights to attract them. Some of them have a sticky base, while others use electricity to kill them. Physical pest control involves the use of glue boards to control both rodents and cockroaches. Spring traps are also used for entrapping and relocating rodents. Beetles, on the other hand, are controlled by means of acoustic devices.
Poisoned Bait: This is a type of pest control where bait is used to trap and get rid of pest species such as rats, mice, birds, slugs, snails, ants, cockroaches, and other pests of the similar kind. Granules used as bait are basically food particles that attract the target species, mixed with suitable poison. While dealing with ants, slow-acting toxins are used, so that they have time to carry them to the colonies. On the other hand, when dealing with flies, quick acting substances are used so that they don’t have time to ovulate. For slugs and snails, molluscicide-metaldehyde is used. As for rodents, warfarin is the most commonly used substance. For resistant species, difenacoum is used.
Fumigation: This is a process of pest control that involves eliminating physical structures of pests like termites by sealing the structure with an air-tight cover, and then fogging it with pesticide or insecticide. This is a very inconvenient but expensive process as it takes a long time to yield effects but generally targets all species of pests. Space treatment is a better option as it involves fogging and misting of insecticides by dispersing it and requires no evacuation or airtight sealing.
Sterilization: This type of pest control involves reducing the pest population by releasing sterile organisms. This requires a mass culture of these pests and sterilizing them with the help of X-rays and then releasing them into the atmosphere.
There are other pest control methods that are confined to specific species and are used accordingly.
Tips To Remember Before You Engage In Pest Control
Look out for small indicators before the problem gets too big. Look for small holes in wall or wood carvings and call for professional help immediately. A manifestation should be addressed directly and no amount of time should be spared in a dwelling under false notions that clean houses induce pest eradication.
Dehumidifiers are helpful in keeping off bugs and centipedes and should be used in case one finds a manifestation of pests in their living space. Pests are not fond of the same environment you live in and often proper ventilation checks pest manifestation, acting as normal pest control. Put your food in airtight containers to avoid pest manifestation.
Why Do We Use Pest Control?
Professional help helps us get rid of pests in short spans of time in an efficient manner. However, nipping the problem before it gets out of hand is the best way, for these chemicals are harmful to health and often the whole process is very costly.