Agra, the ancient city which has references dating back to the Mahabharata. Today, this fascinating land still has traces of the glorious golden age. It is here that you can experience some of the most famous architectures in the world. Whether it’s the white marble splendor of Taj Mahal, the revered Jama Masjid. Best time to visit Agra from October to March.
- Taj Mahal
One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal is the architecture of the masterpiece of Mughal crafts. It was built under the auspices of Shah Jahan as a memorial for his beloved wife Arjumand Bano Begum. His body is enshrined in the tomb in the Taj Mahal.
The designs of this structure incorporate Persian and Mughal architecture. The highlight of the structure is the grave, which is a large structure made entirely of marble. There is a marble dome that surpasses this region. It is spectacularly designed.
The exterior decorations are as impressive as the interiors and are consistent with the surface area and the proportionality of the designs is meticulously planned and executed. The painting was the main constituent of the decorations
According to the prohibition of Islamic doctrine, there are no anthropomorphic forms anywhere in the design scheme. There are several verses of the Quran that are used within the complex.
The inner chamber is decorated in an impressive way with precious and semiprecious stones. Geometric as an octagon, this space has multiple entry points. Once you have visited the interiors, enjoy the sumptuous gardens of the Taj Mahal on a tour of the places to visit in Agra.
The complex is surrounded by well-kept gardens and there is a marble water tank in the center. You can find avenues of carefully aligned trees. There are a lot of sources that are aligned in order too.
Located in Agra, the magnificent monument is open from sunrise to sunset and is closed to the public on Fridays. However, the mosque inside the Taj is open for prayers. Visiting this place is a beautiful and romantic experience. Find here the route of Palace on Wheels train which covers in its itinerary.
- Red Fort
Also called the Red Fort, this structure dates back to the 16th century. It is located near the gardens of the Taj Mahal. Made of red sandstone, the Agra Fort has walls that surround at least two kilometers and more. Inside there are many splendid palaces, such as Jahangir Palace and Khas Palace. This is where the great courtroom called Diwan-i-Khas is located. Also in the place are a couple of magnificent mosques.
The Red Fort, like the Taj Mahal, is an ode to the rich legacy of that time. These structures indicate the glorious past that existed during the medieval period, and should be part of any itinerary of places to visit in Agra.
The Agra Fort was built in 1565 under the auspices of Akbar. Located on the right bank of the Yamuna River, this fort and the Taj form a unit of monuments. Both structures complement each other as they are in the same neighborhood. You can enter the fort through the gates of Delhi or Amar Singh.
The largest entrance is the first. As you advance into the fort complex through the Delhi gate, you approach the inner portal. Also called the Hathi Pol this entry is magnificent. Inside the tower, you would be surprised with the Muhammad Burj, which is an octagonal needle. The Shish Mahal is located in this complex where you can see some splendid reception rooms.
The complex is beautifully built and palatial. The two mosques inside this mosque are built of white marble. The Moti Masjid and Nagina Masjid are the two mosques that leave you amazed by their structural beauty. These mosques were built under the auspices of Aurangzeb.
The entire complex has intricate carvings and most of the internal structures are made of pure marble. The influence of Indo-Muslim art is strong in this environment.
- Jama Masjid
Of the places to visit in Agra, the Jama Masjid is a magnificent structure. The original name of this construct was Masjid Jahan Numa. Built by Shah Jahan, the best artisans, sculptors, engineers and thousands of workers were used in the construction effort. For six years, all these people worked continuously to build the Jama Masjid.
The construction cost of this structure was one million rupees. It is believed that several stones and construction items were endowed by nobles. The verses of the Holy Quran were recited before consecrating and placing each stone.
The Jama Masjid is essentially a mosque located in the bustling Chandni Chowk market. The design is simple but extremely artistic. At any given time, the mosque can house more than 25,000 people.
The mosque in total has four towers and there are three entrance doors to this place of worship. You can see two tall minarets about 40 meters high that flank the structure. Agra Fort is on the east side of the mosque.
The main prayer room is placed in an articulated manner and the entrance to this space is decorated with high arches with cusps that adorn them. You must visit the courtyard during special ceremonies, it is full of devotees. You will be surprised by the strength of the congregation in one of the most beautiful mosques in the world.
Even if you don’t pay for the entrance, you will have to pay to take pictures. Visit the closet that contains ancient relics in the mosque near the North Gate. Apart from the artifacts, see the verses of the Holy Quran inscribed on the deer skin. The Jama Masjid is located in the Chandni Chowk area of Delhi. It is open every day of the week, except Fridays.
This is a historic city among places to visit near Agra. The city was founded by Akbar, who was a powerful Mughal emperor. Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of the Mughal Empire for many years before Agra took this position. Akbar was instrumental in the visualization of the city. He commissioned the construction of gardens, harems, planned roads, mosques and public service structures.
This is a Mughal mausoleum known for its monumental architecture. The tomb has been built with red sandstone. This is one of the famous tourist places in Agra that is located in Uttar Pradesh.
Sometimes this structure is colloquially called Baby Taj. The interiors of the tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah have many facets that resemble the interiors of the Taj Mahal. Along with the main building, there are several buildings outside the complex. There are beautiful gardens that dot the landscape too.
In the initial phase of its construction, the designs were made specifically of marble. Subsequent phases incorporated the design features of the Taj Mahal. Nur Jahan oversaw the construction of the mausoleum. She was the best half of Mughal ruler Jahangir. Was the grave for his father Mirz? Ghiy’s request.
The tomb is located on the banks of the Yamuna River. The structure is surrounded by a garden. There are waterways and trails in the surroundings. Hexagonal towers flank the structure at its corners. The white marble used in the construction has been acquired from Rajasthan.
The designs are elaborate and intricate. The interior of the tomb is well lit by natural light. The jail screens let the light through. Not only Nur Jahan’s father, but many of his relatives have been buried here.
Itmad-ud-Daulah is remembered to date for its architecture. It represents a glorious chapter in the history of India when the Mughals ruled the earth. His sense of aesthetics and architecture is amazing. Overlooking the Yamuna River, this mausoleum is wonderful
Akbar’s tomb is located inside Sikandra Fort. A beautifully arched structure is made of deep red sandstone. The richness of appearance never fades and is timeless. The tomb is in Agra in a place called Sikandra. The fort and the tomb are excellent exhibits of the combination of Hindu and Muslim architecture.
The fort is in the middle of a lush garden enclosed in four high walls. Each side of the wall has a colossal door. The garden is divided into four different spaces. This is in accordance with the Charbagh plan that existed during that time for garden gardens. The garden has many fountains. There are numerous water channels that pass through the garden. Paved roads provide visitors with a unique path to walk and experience the excellence of the architecture around them.
Sikandra Fort is well preserved and is among the main tourist sites in Agra. When you visit this place, you cannot deny the richness of the art on display. It is said that Akbar personally designed this fort. Many, if not all, of the design elements of the fort are a reflection of his personality and his taste for architecture.
The tomb resides in an elevated pyramid. This structure is five stories. The internal carvings are intricate and a tribute to the great craftsmanship. The marble work embedded in the tomb complex is perfectly exquisite.
The gates of the fortress are also magnificent. These doors are made of sandstone and there are four of them. All doors lead to the complex and the south gate is the one that leads to the Akbar mausoleum. This place is full of visitors who enjoy the views around. Visiting this tomb complex once is not enough to detail the complete crafts that exist here.
This is a garden complex located in the vicinity of Taj Mahal and Agra Fort. Located in Agra and on the banks of the Yamuna River, Mehtab Bagh is a garden planned by Charbagh. The spaces within the garden are equally divided into parts. The picturesque square-shaped land measures exactly 300 x 300 meters.
There were several gardens built along the river during the Mughal regime in all places to visit in Agra. This was the last of them. It is believed that this garden was built under the auspices of Babur.
The garden was first conceived by Shah Jahan. He selected an ideal place to see the Yamuna River. I wanted a pleasure garden illuminated by the soft rays of the moon. That’s why he called this garden Mehtab Bagh. There are lots of pools and pavilions in the garden. The hallways are covered with white plaster. There are a lot of fruit trees here
The garden was made as an extension of the gardens in the Taj Mahal. The idea here was to make a moonlit garden. At night, the pools reflect the view of the Taj Mahal. When Shah Jahan wanted the Mehtab Bagh, he wanted the garden exclusively for him. I wanted to see the reflections of the Taj in the water pools and also enjoy the view of the Yamuna River.
The garden is now a horticultural delight. There are dozens of plant species here. The Mehtab Bagh has been periodically restored by the Archaeological Service. You can reach this garden on both sides of the river. You can take a ferry ride for a few minutes from the east side of the Taj Mahal to reach this garden. Experience a wonderful creation of imagination come true in the Mehtab Bagh.